Understanding Codes & Standards

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Course Description

This training course is designed to give a detailed insight to the participants for understanding of Codes and Standards with emphasis on the right approach and methodology for using the codes. It helps the participants to understand the Code objectives, Code intents, stated and implied requirements (i.e. letter and spirit of the code).It also helps the participants to know the mandatory, recommended and optional stipulations of the code. The course also covers overview of various codes and standards used in Process Industries for design, inspection, construction and in-service inspection. The course will be delivered in such a way that most of the code concepts will be clarified by both the code statements and the relevant examples. The course also deals in: What is Code and what is standard (difference between them), Selection of appropriate code and standard for intended application, where one can take deviations from code etc. The course is designed such that participants with previous background of using the codes will understand the most effective and scientific use of codes for their purpose while the freshers will understand the correct approach and right use of the codes.

Course Objectives

• To explain to participants the basic difference between code and standard

• To familiarize participants with the concepts and technical terms of Engineering Codes and standards

• Choose the right engineering code for an intended application and carry out simple code calculations

• Be able to understand limitations imposed by various codes on material for construction for pressure components

• To introduce participants to an overview of commonly adopted codes and standards in oil & gas, petrochemical and power industries

• To give overview of common engineering codes as regards design, material selection, construction, inspection and testing of pressure components

Who Should Attend?

Design engineers, mechanical engineers and Plant managers, with or without experience in application of codes & standards. Design engineers, project engineers, inspection engineers, maintenance engineers and technicians will find this course valuable for them. Engineers, senior draftsmen, inspection, maintenance, and quality assurance personnel who work in the chemical, petroleum, utilities, petrochemical plants, fertilizer plants etc. will find it a time-saving means to broaden and update their knowledge of codes and standards.


• What is Code, Standard and Good Engineering Practice

• Objectives of Codes and Standards

• Assumptions in Codes and Standards

• Information provided by Codes,

• Information not provided by Codes

• Role of engineering judgment

• Code Requirements, Recommendations and options / alternatives

• Code contents, Stated & implied stipulations in the Codes

• Various Design and Construction codes internationally adopted

• Codes for Pressure vessels

• Codes for Piping installations

• Codes for Tanks

• Other Engineering Codes/ miscellaneous Codes

• Various in-service Inspection codes

• Codes for inspection of Pressure vessels

• Codes for inspection of Piping installations

• Codes for inspection of Tanks

• Difference between the construction codes and in-service inspection codes

• Understanding of various codes

• Brief overview of Codes for Pressure vessels

• Brief overview of Codes for Piping installations

• Brief overview of Codes for Tanks

• Brief overview of Codes for inspection,

• Codes for Welding qualification

• Understanding of Various in-service Inspection codes

• Brief overview of Codes for inspection of Pressure vessels (API510)

• Brief overview of Codes for inspection of Piping installations (API570)

• Brief overview of Codes for inspection of Tanks (API 653)

• What is Standardization

• Why adopt standards, Concept of standardization,

• Principles behind usability of standards,

• Introduction to various normally used Standards,

• Introduction to Various Standards

• Introduction to ASME B 16.5

• Introduction to ASME B 16.34

• Introduction to ASME B 36.10, 36.19

• Introduction to API 600 & 610

• ASTM material standards

• Feedback examination and concluding Session.


  • Terms And Tools
  • Introduction
  • Start-Up Problems
  • Discussion
  • Start-Up Planning
  • Start-Up Cost Prediction
  • Minimizing Equipment Problems
  • Discussions and Case Studies
  • Management
  • Start-Up Safety and Environmental Issues
  • Start-Up Management
  • Start-Up Manpower
  • Start-Up Leadership
  • Discussion Case Studies
  • In The Field
  • Construction Inspection
  • Construction Completion—the Beginning of Start-Up
  • Commissioning—The Heart of Start-Up
  • Start-Up Operations
  • Discussion & Case Studies
  • Start- up troubleshooting
  • Technical issues: instrumentation and measuring devices; all other causes; root-cause analysis; data reconciliation; history vs. hysteria; facts; assessing likelihood; testing of hypothesis
  • Solutions: avoiding expensive “fixes;” avoiding ineffective “fixes;” safety issues; engineering requirements and standards in the field
  • Implementing changes: operational measures; co-operation; plan trails, quality blames vs. success
  • Normal shutdown; pre-shutdown planning; shutdown sequence steps; sudden or emergency shutdown
  • Decommissioning and demolition; decommissioning/ demolition plan; operation and maintenance roles; decommissioning procedures; maintenance of decommissione status; demolition concerns.