The A To Z of Liquefied Natural Gas ING Training

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This course is developed for operators, engineers, senior technicians and planners involved in the natural gas and LNG industry. The course covers a wide range of subjects ranging from the source of natural gas to liquefaction, transportation, LNG terminal, safety and health issues, in addition to current trends in LNG and prospects for the future.


This short course is designed to give the attendants an overview of natural gas and the LNG industry. Key commercial issues are also discussed. Specifically, by attending this course you will:

  • Gain a basic knowledge of LNG liquefaction.
  • Learn about LNG regasification.
  • Learn about LNG storage.
  • Learn about LNG shipping, transportation and related issues.
  • Learn about current trends in LNG and prospects for the future.
  • Learn about health and safety issues with respect to LNG and natural gas processing.

Who should Attend

Operators, technicians, engineers and planners who are involved or interested in LNG operations and related topics.


  • Overview of Natural Gas Industry: The World Picture for Natural Gas; Sources of Natural Gas; Natural Gas Compositions; Processing and Principal Products; Product Specifications.
  • Overview of Gas Plant Processing (LNG Upstream): Gas Sweetening; Dehydration; Hydrocarbon Recovery; Nitrogen Rejection; Helium Recovery; Sulfur Recovery; Storage and Transportation; Liquefaction.
  • Properties of Liquefied Gases: Chemical Structure of Gases; Physical Properties; Principles of Refrigeration.
  • Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG): Peak Shaving Plants and Satellite Facilities; Baseload Plants and Stranded Reserves; Gas Treating before Liquefaction; Liquefaction Cycles; Joule-Thomson Cycles; Expander Cycles; Cascade Cycles; Storage of LNG; Cryogenic Aboveground Storage; Cryogenic In-Ground Storage; Rollover; Transportation; Truck Transport; Pipelines; Marine Transport; Regasification and Cold Utilization of LNG.
  • Economics: Liquefaction Costs; Shipping Costs; Regasification Terminal Costs; Plant Efficiency.
  • Compression.
  • NGL Processing.
  • Transportation and Storage: Gas Transportation, Market Centers and Storage; Liquid Transportation and Storage.
  • Gas Carriers.
  • LNG – Equipment and Instrumentation: Pipelines and Valves; Pumps; Heaters; Vaporizers; Reliquefication Plants and Boil-off Control; Compressors and Associated Equipment; Inert Gas and Nitrogen Systems; Electrical Equipment in Gas Dangerous Spaces; Instrumentation; Cargo Transfer Systems; Shore Storage; Fire Fighting.
  • Cargo Handling Operations: Sequence of Operations; Tank Inspection, Drying and Inserting; Gassing-up; Cool-down; Loading; Discharging.
  • Cargo Measurement and Calculation
  • Personal Health and Safety: Hazards in Natural Gas and LNG; Health Data; Flammability; Air Deficiency; Frostbite; Chemical Burns; Hazardous Atmospheres; Gas Testing; Oxygen Analyzers; Combustible Gas Indicators; Toxicity Detectors; Entry into Enclosed Spaces; Personal Protection.
  • Emergency Procedures: Principal Hazards; Liquefied Gas Fires and Fire-Fighting; Emergency Release and Emergency Shutdown.
  • Plant Siting and Layout.
  • Capital Costs of Gas Processing vs. NGL Facilities
  • LNG Markets: Historical Context; Current Trends; Supply and Demand; Prospects for the Future; LNG Trade; Exports/Imports by Atlantic/Pacific/Middle East Basins.
  • Future Trends in LNG.
  • Course Evaluation.