PROCESS ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS TECHNOLOGIES

OVERVIEW

Course Description

  • Process engineering is at the heart of much of the chemical, oil, gas, and petrochemical industries. The process engineer is interested in the transportation and transformation of solids, liquids and gases, but must also be familiar with many of the other engineering disciplines including mechanical, electrical and instrumentation. Of specific importance are separation processes including distillation, heat transfer, hydraulics and fluid flow, process control and economics. These are the fundamental principles of process engineering.
  • This programme considers the areas of process engineering that are most commonly encountered, and will provide an understanding of the fundamentals to the non-specialist, and a refresher to practicing engineers, with examples that will be drawn from a range of process industries including oil and gas processing, petrochemicals, chemical manufacturing.

Who Should Attend?

  • Practicing or lapsed chemical engineers wanting to refresh their fundamental knowledge
  • All those working in the chemical, petrochemical, oil and process industries with a need to understand and discuss fundamental process engineering and technology issues with the process engineering specialists or other professionals
  • These will include geo-scientists, petroleum engineers, production engineers, trainee process engineers, R&D chemists, plant chemists, plant operators, EHS specialists and economists
  • Case studies and examples will cover a range of levels, making the programme also suitable non-technical staff

Course Objectives

  • In this programme you will:
  • Learn to interpret flowsheets and process flow diagrams
  • Develop and understand mass and energy balances in process design
  • Learn about fluid flow, pumps and compressors, and mixing
  • Discuss heat transfer equipment and their design, including heat exchangers
  • Understand distillation and separations used in oil and gas processing
  • Discuss effluent minimization and treatment
  • Learn how to control processes
  • Perform a basic economic analysis of a project
  • Understand the safety and environmental responsibility on process engineers

Course Outline

Day 01
    • Process Engineering Fundamentals
    • Introduction
    • Basic Concepts to remember
    • Flow diagrams
    • Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)
    • Process equipment
    • Introduction to mass and energy balances
    • Batch vs Continuous
    • Risk Assessments and Hazard Studies
    • Flammability and Electrical Area Classification
    • Workshop Session
Day 02
    • Fluid Flow
    • Pressure and Head
    • Bernoulli’s Theorem
    • Flow of Liquids
    • Reynolds number, pressure drop in pipes
    • Compressible flow
    • Introduction to Thermodynamics
    • Principle of process relief devices and process design of relief systems
    • Two-phase and Multi-phase Flow
    • Pumps and Compressors
    • Mixing and Mixers
    • Workshop Session
Day  03
    • Heat Transfer
    • Thermal conductivity
    • Conduction and convection
    • Insulation
    • Heat transfer coefficients
    • Heat exchangers, type and sizing
    • Workshop session
Day 04
    • Introduction to Separation Processes
    • Distillation basics
    • Phase behavior and vapour/liquid equilibria
    • Distillation Equipment
    • Distillation Troubleshooting
    • Gas/Liquid separation
    • Absorption and adsorption
    • Solid Liquid separation
    • Effluent treatment
    • Workshop Session
Day  05
    • Process Control & Economics Basics
    • Measured variables
    • Simple feedback control
    • SIS and SIL
    • Process Utilities
    • Process Economics
    • Preliminary economic analysis
    • Fixed and variable costs, break even
    • Calculating raw materials usage
    • Scale up and six tenths rule
    • Estimating the cost of process equipment and plants